The International Diabetes Federation predicts a 13.7% prevalence of diabetes mellitus for Singapore’s whole adult population by 2030. In Singapore, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among citizens and permanent residents aged 18 to 69 years went from 8.3% in 2010 to 8.6% in 2017.
According to the American Arthritis Foundation, if diabetes is left untreated, patients have a twofold increased risk of developing arthritis and severe joint pain.
How diabetes can affect joint health
1)Inflammation – Diabetes can cause chronic inflammation in the body, which can damage joints and lead to conditions like osteoarthritis
2) Nerve damage
Most people with diabetes may have diabetic neuropathy
- Diabetic neuropathy happens as over time, the high blood glucose levels in your body can damage the vessels that supply nerves to the body. This causes essential nutrients not the be transported to the nerves thus damaging them
- Diabetic neuropathy can cause pain and numbness in the legs, feet, and hands
3. Limited mobility
People with diabetic neuropathy may find it difficult to move and exercise due to the pain and discomfort. This can cause joint stiffness and weakness
4. Increased risk of injury
People with diabetes are at increased risk of foot injuries due to poor circulation and nerve damage. These injuries can affect the joints in the feet and ankles, leading to pain, inflammation, and other joint problems.
5. Bone density
Diabetes causes an increased risk of having osteoporosis as it induces the rate of bone loss. This causes the bones of our body to be weak and brittle thus increasing risk of joint issues and fractures.
How physiotherapy can help you
With the right treatment and exercises, your pain can be managed. Hallmark Physiotherapy will conduct treatments to reduce inflammation, stimulate nerves, increase one’s range of motion, and increase the strength of your muscles through cryotherapy, ultrasound therapy, interferential wave therapy, and prescribing the correct exercises to you. With Hallmark, you can manage your pain!
If you have any joint and musculoskeletal issues, feel free to click here for an appointment