Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. If not prevented or left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones, also known as fractures, typically occur in the hip, spine, and wrist.
- A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.
- Weight-bearing exercise.
- A healthy lifestyle with no smoking or excessive alcohol intake
- Appropriate testing and prescription medication
- While your doctor plays a key role in diagnosis, bone density testing, and prescribing medications, a physical therapy program helps to provide you with a complete treatment solution.
2) Cardiopulmonary Conditions
Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy is an area that specialises in the prevention, rehabilitation, and compensation of clients with diseases and injuries in the heart and lungs. These conditions may manifest as shortness of breath, persistent cough, increased work of breathing or reduced ability to exercise.
Diagnoses we treat include:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Chronic bronchitis
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Heart failure and other cardiopulmonary conditions
It is now widely recognised that appropriate exercise can be an effective disease prevention strategy and is integral to the management of those with a variety of cardiorespiratory conditions.
a) Deep Breathing Exercise: to encourage increased lung volumes
b) Hands-on Techniques and Breathing Facilitation Exercises: to expand your lung capacity
c) Percussions and Vibrations: to help you loosen secretions and make coughing easier
d) Coughing and Breathing Strategies: to help you cough and manage your shortness of breath
e) Breathing and Circulation Exercises: to prevent further respiratory and vascular complications such as chest infection and deep venous thrombosis (DVTs)
f) Mobility Assistance: to move safely in bed, sit up, stand and walk
g) Mobility Aids: advice, prescription, and instruction on how to safely use a walking frame or other walking aids as required
h) Individually Tailored Exercises: to control your breathing pattern, build muscle
strength and endurance and improve your general health and wellbein
Physical fitness is the ability of your body systems to work together with the least effort possible, allowing you to be healthy and perform activities of daily living. Being physically fit is one of the best things you can do for your health. After all, physical activity can reduce your risk of chronic disease, improve your balance and coordination, help you lose weight, and even boost your self-esteem. All of these benefits can be achieved regardless of your age, sex, or physical ability.
Often time, pain and loss of function are the most common reasons for people to seek physiotherapy. After a detailed assessment, the Physiotherapist may find that there is a need for the person to exercise to develop the following:
2. Specific muscle strength
5. Increase cardiovascular and lung function